Oral Reading Fluency Norms

Understand oral reading fluency norms with this helpful resource from Reading Rockets.  This summary outlines how to use the fluency chart and explains the updates from 2017.

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Phonemic Awareness, Phonics, and Word Study

Phonemic awareness and phonics are two foundational prerequisite skills for reading development, but current research suggests that word study may be a more appropriate approach for older students.