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Close up of a hand holding a pen over white paper.

Jun 27, 2024

Teaching the Elaborated Paragraph

The Topic An elaborated paragraph begins with a topic sentence that needs the support of clear, logical ideas. Teachers can cue students for the topic sentences with a question. For example: Question: Is recycling beneficial to the environment? Topic Sentence: Recycling is beneficial to the environment. The Body The body of an elaborated paragraph supports

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Jun 10, 2024

Why DEIB Matters to Landmark Outreach

Unfortunately, students from marginalized social groups are often misidentified in consideration for special education services. Studies primarily indicate an overrepresentation of students of color, raising questions about bias. When Black students qualify for special education services, “there is evidence that they are more likely to be identified as intellectually disabled or behaviorally disordered rather than

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book graphic with words and images coming out of it

May 16, 2024

Reading Guidebook Download

Download our newest resource, The Reading Guidebook, and learn what the science tells us about reading instruction and why it matters. Today in the United States, an elementary school student would have better odds of surviving the Titanic than becoming a competent reader. Even before the prolonged school closures introduced by COVID, most American students

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Apr 26, 2024

How Can Educators Use AI in the Classroom?

In fact, AI has been lingering in our periphery since 1997 when Garry Kasparov, a Russian chess grandmaster who had been victorious over both humans and computers throughout his career, was beaten by an IBM supercomputer with the whole world watching. People demonstrated the same polarized reactions to his loss that have emerged during the

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Apr 2, 2024

Developing Confident, Capable Writers: Process Writing Strategies

There are plenty of articles about all of the reasons why writing can be so difficult for students with LBLD, from basic transcription skills to idea generation to proofreading to the numerous executive function demands underlying the entire writing process. Even just reading and understanding the prompt is a skill that can require direct instruction

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A student reading in an elementary classroom.

Mar 6, 2024

Metacognition and Reading Comprehension

Metacognitive practices should be a cornerstone of a language-based classroom. Explicit instruction in metacognition allows students to make deep connections between what they are reading and previously learned material. It also helps them to make sense of what they are reading and learning to determine when material does not make sense and to decide which

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Feb 28, 2024

Resources to Support the Writing Process: Brainstorm to Final Draft

At Landmark School, students are required to follow a five-step writing process. In order to create checks and balances as ideas evolve into written language, we approach the writing process with the following: brainstorming, organizing, composing a rough draft, proofreading, and making final edits before turning it in. Breaking a daunting task like writing an

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A teacher kneeling in front of a group of desks to help elementary aged students.

Feb 27, 2024

Provide Models

Executive function researchers, such as Russell Barkley (2019), assert that the ability to picture the steps required to reach a goal is a main function of the executive functions. Further, noted executive function coach and expert Sarah Ward (2014) outlines that without a model or a clear vision of the end goal, students “are open

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A smiling high school student takes notes at a desk.

Feb 5, 2024

The Two-Column Method of Note-Taking

A popular and well-known method for managing information for note taking is the method of two-column notes, which is similar to Cornell notes. This system of notes was first introduced by Walter Pauk in the 1950s and was a key feature of his widely used book How to Study in College. Two-column notes and Cornell

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Free Resources for Educators

Learn about recent research and explore instructional strategies to support your students with SLD.

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