These resources were created and/or collected by Outreach staff to assist you in better understanding how to teach students with LBLD.

  • Letter blocks spell out the word "play", which has 3 phonemes. This activity supports phonemic awareness and phonics development.

    Phonemic Awareness, Phonics, and Word Study

    Defining Terms Phonemic Awareness is the ability to hear, identify, and manipulate phonemes (smallest unit of sound) in spoken words. For instance, there are three phonemes in the word tree (/t/ /r/ /e/). Phonics is a method of instruction that requires the ability to connect sounds to letters and letter combinations in order to accurately read

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  • An educator measures a student's reading progress while he reads aloud

    Measuring Reading Progress

    How is Reading Progress Measured? Reading is a complex process that involves a variety of skills and components. Before determining a way to measure reading progress, the specific reading skill being measured must first be identified. Please note that phonemic awareness is not included here as that particular skill generally requires more complex progress monitoring.

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  • Using a Decoding Toolkit to Develop a Common Language

    by Natalia Harrison I have always looked forward to September; I find the start of a new school year serves as the perfect opportunity to establish routines and develop good habits. As reading teachers, one way we can do this is by committing to using a common language to provide consistent cues and vocabulary, both

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  • Dyslexia: What to Know

    Dyslexia is a widely researched and discussed learning disability. The official definition, written and compiled by Reid Lyon and Sally and Bennett Shaywitz, reads as follows: “Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding

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  • Working Memory and Executive Function

    Learn more about the link between working memory and executive function. This article from ADDitude: Inside the ADHD Mind highlights how working memory is part of what enables us to engage in goal directed behavior.

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  • Informal Assessment

    At their core, assessment measures, whether they are formal or informal, work to give a snapshot of a student’s ability level and skill development. The results of these measures can provide educators with insight and understanding of a students’ academic proficiency and can present educators with a road map to assist in strengthening any necessary

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  • Study Skills to Support Language in the Math Classroom

    Students with language-based learning disabilities benefit from strategies to assist in the management of language demands across all subjects. Typically, study skills, the management of time, materials, and language, is a skill set assumed to be reserved for subjects like literature and social science. Language arts and history teachers regularly use interactive notebooks and two-column

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  • Student Perspectives on Executive Function

    Interview conducted by Lauren Murphy and Kaia Cunningham Building positive, productive, and trusting relationships with students is a cornerstone of effective teaching. Just as our personalities and lived experiences shape and inform our teaching persona, students also bring their histories to the classroom. Part of student history incorporates the intersection of their personality, experiences, and

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  • The Invaluable Paraprofessional

    By Linda Gross, M.A., CCC-SLP It is indisputable — paraprofessionals are valuable members of the educational team! These are the people who educators rely on to assist students in the learning process. Each school has their own job title to identify paraprofessionals, such as teaching assistant, aide, or paraeducator. A paraprofessional may be assigned to

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